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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
CHRIS YOUNG (14-6081); ALTO PARNELL (14- 6451); BRIAN VANCE (15-5045); DEMETRIUS DUNCAN (15-5738),
Defendants-Appellants.
   14-6081/ 14-6451/
15-5045/ 15-5738
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee at Nashville. No. 3:11-cr-00012—Kevin H. Sharp, Chief District Judge. Argued: October 19, 2016 Decided and Filed: January 26, 2017 Before: KEITH, BATCHELDER, and CLAY, Circuit Judges.

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OPINION
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CLAY, Circuit Judge. Defendants Chris Young (“Young”), Demetrius Duncan (“Duncan”), Alto Parnell (“Parnell’), and Brian Vance (“Vance”) (collectively, “Defendants”) appeal their convictions and sentences (collectively, “judgments”) entered by the United States District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee for conspiracy, inter alia, to distribute and possess with intent to distribute 500 grams or more of cocaine and 280 grams or more of cocaine base. The district court sentenced Vance to 200-months’ imprisonment, and sentenced Young and Parnell each to two concurrent terms of mandatory life imprisonment without the possibility of parole, and Duncan to mandatory life imprisonment without the possibility of parole.

For the reasons that follow, we AFFIRM the district court’s judgments for all four Defendants.