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TERRY LYNN KING,
Petitioner-Appellant,
v.
BRUCE WESTBROOKS, Warden,
Respondent-Appellee.
   No. 13-6387
Appeal from the United States District Court for
the Eastern District of Tennessee at Knoxville.
No. 3:99-cv-00454—Robert Leon Jordan, District Judge.
Argued: September 28, 2016
Decided and Filed: February 9, 2017
Before: BATCHELDER, MOORE, and GIBBONS, Circuit Judges.


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OPINION
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KAREN NELSON MOORE, Circuit Judge. This death penalty case arises out of the kidnapping and murder of Diana K. Smith by Petitioner-Appellant Terry King. Following the district court’s dismissal of King’s petition for a writ of habeas corpus, we granted a certificate of appealability on two issues: whether trial counsel was ineffective for failing to present during the trial testimony about King’s intoxication at the time of the murder and whether trial counsel was ineffective for failing to investigate adequately King’s mental health and to obtain expert assistance in a timely manner. For the reasons stated below, we AFFIRM the judgment of the district court.



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MICHIGAN STATE AFL-CIO; UTILITY WORKERS UNION OF AMERICA, LOCAL 223; GEORGE HORUCZI; INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF ELECTRICAL WORKERS, AFL-CIO, LOCAL 58; MICHIGAN STATE UTILITY WORKERS COUNCIL; WILLIAM D. CHADWICK, JR.,
Plaintiffs-Appellees,
v.
WILLIAM SCHUETTE; RUTH JOHNSON,
Defendants-Appellants.
   No. 16-2100
Appeal from the United States District Court for
the Eastern District of Michigan at Flint.
No. 4:16-cv-11454—Linda V. Parker, District Judge.
Argued: February 2, 2017
Decided and Filed: February 9, 2017
Before: SUHRHEINRICH, SUTTON, and McKEAGUE, Circuit Judges.


_________________________
OPINION
_________________________

SUTTON, Circuit Judge. The Michigan Campaign Finance Act generally bars corporations and labor unions from contributing to political candidates and organizations. As an exception to this prohibition, it permits corporations and unions to form and contribute to political action committees, which in turn may make political contributions. A recent amendment to the Act defines a prohibited expenditure by corporations and unions to include the administrative expenses of operating a payroll deduction program unless the deductions go to (1) the corporation’s or union’s own political action committee or (2) a political action committee established by a nonprofit corporation of which the union or corporation is a member. Several unions and some of their members challenge this component of the Act on the grounds that it violates (1) their Contracts Clause rights by upsetting existing collective bargaining agreements that already permit payroll deductions to other entities and (2) their First Amendment rights by preventing many union members from donating to their union’s political action committee via automatic payroll deductions. The district court preliminarily enjoined enforcement of the law on both grounds. We affirm the district court’s Contracts Clause ruling and reverse its First Amendment ruling.