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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
DONTE TIMOTHY BACON,
Defendant-Appellant.
   No. 17-1166
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Western District of Michigan at Grand Rapids.
No. 1:15-cr-00099—Robert Holmes Bell, District Judge.
Decided and Filed: March 8, 2018
Before: COOK, McKEAGUE, and STRANCH, Circuit Judges.


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OPINION
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JANE B. STRANCH, Circuit Judge. Donte Timothy Bacon appeals a district court judgment convicting him of selling a firearm to a prohibited person in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(d)(1) and possessing a firearm with an obliterated serial number in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(k). Bacon entered oral guilty pleas to the foregoing charges at his final pretrial conference. The Government agreed to dismiss five other charges as part of Bacon’s plea agreement, which was never committed to writing. Bacon now argues that the district court lacked subject matter jurisdiction, attacks the sufficiency of the Government’s evidence, and challenges the constitutionality of the federal criminal statutes under which he was convicted. The Government responds that subject matter jurisdiction exists and that Bacon waived the rest of his arguments by entering an unconditional plea. We AFFIRM.



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REBECCA COOPER, MORRIS MCKENNEY, and ROBERT KOLINSKE, for themselves and others similarly situated,
Plaintiffs-Appellees,
v.
HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL, INC.,
Defendant-Appellant.
   No. 17-1042
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Western District of Michigan at Grand Rapids.
No. 1:16-cv-00471—Janet T. Neff, District Judge.
Argued: August 3, 2017
Decided and Filed: March 8, 2018
Before: SUTTON, McKEAGUE, THAPAR, Circuit Judges.


_________________________
OPINION
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McKEAGUE, Circuit Judge. This is yet another entry in a complicated tangle of cases dealing with whether retiree benefits in a collective bargaining agreement (“CBA”) should extend beyond the CBA’s expiration. Rebecca Cooper and some 50 other retirees at Honeywell International’s Boyne City, Michigan plant say that Honeywell must provide them healthcare benefits until they reach age 65. Honeywell responds that its obligation to pay those benefits ended when its CBA with the Boyne City employees expired in March 2016.

While waiting for the district court to pick the winner in this fight, the retirees sought a preliminary injunction barring Honeywell from terminating their healthcare. The district court granted the injunction, concluding that the retirees had shown both a likelihood of success on the merits and that they would suffer irreparable harm without such relief. Because we find that the retiree healthcare benefit provision in the CBA did not clearly provide an alternative end date to the CBA’s general durational clause, we conclude that Cooper has not shown a likelihood of success on the merits and thus REVERSE the decision of the district court.