Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Eastern District of Michigan at Detroit.
No. 2:16-cr-20211-1—George Caram Steeh, District Judge.
Argued: March 14, 2018
Decided and Filed: May 15, 2018
Before: SILER, ROGERS, and LARSEN, Circuit Judges.
ROGERS, Circuit Judge. A jury convicted Josette Buendia, an elementary-school
principal, of federal-programs bribery. She ordered school supplies with federally subsidized
funds from contractor Norman Shy, who shorted the school and made up for the shortages with
gift cards and cash given to Buendia. At trial the district court excluded as irrelevant evidence
that supposedly showed how Buendia spent that kickback money for school-related purposes and
excluded as hearsay receipts purportedly showing expenses paid by Buendia on behalf of the
school. Buendia now challenges those evidentiary rulings, and also makes arguments regarding
the government’s conduct at trial and whether the evidence presented conformed to the
allegations in the indictment. None of these arguments warrants reversal. This is in large part
for the reason that, even if a defendant spent ill-gotten funds for commendable purposes, that is
simply not a defense to this kind of bribery offense.
. . .
The judgment of the district court is affirmed.