|In re: CITY OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN,
WILLIAM OCHADLEUS, et al. (15-2194); JOHN P. QUINN
(15-2337); DENNIS TAUBITZ and IRMA INDUSTRIOUS
(15-2353); LUCINDA DARRAH (15-2371); WILLIAM
CITY OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN, et al.,
| Nos. 15-2194/ 2337/ 2353/ 2371/ 2379|
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Eastern District of Michigan at Detroit.
No. 2:14-cv-14872—Bernard A. Friedman, District Judge.
Argued: June 15, 2016
Decided and Filed: October 3, 2016
Before: BATCHELDER, MOORE, and McKEAGUE, Circuit Judges.
ALICE M. BATCHELDER, Circuit Judge. This appeal arises out of the City of Detroit,
Michigan’s municipal bankruptcy under Chapter 9 of the Bankruptcy Code, 11 U.S.C. § 109(c).
In resolving its bankruptcy, the City crafted a complex network of settlements and agreements
with its thousands of creditors and stakeholders, memorialized those agreements in a
comprehensive Plan, and obtained the bankruptcy court’s ratification of that Plan in a final
Confirmation Order. One aspect of the plan involved the reduction of certain municipalemployee
pension benefits under the City’s General Retirement System (GRS). Several GRS
pensioners, resisting any reduction in their benefits, challenged the Confirmation Order in the
district court. The City moved the district court to dismiss those actions as equitably moot and
the court agreed, dismissing them pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1). When
those pensioners appealed here, we consolidated their appeals and, finding that equitable
mootness applies and prohibits their challenges to the Confirmation Order, we AFFIRM