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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
CARROLL LLOYD ELLIOTT (16-6474); LUCILLE M. FRIAL-CARRASCO (16-6676); PATRICIA ANN SOLOMON (16-6683),
Defendants-Appellants.
   Nos. 16-6474/6676/6683
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Eastern District of Kentucky at London.
No. 6:13-cr-00040-7—Amul R. Thapar, District Judge.
Decided and Filed: November 30, 2017
Before: KEITH, ROGERS, and McKEAGUE, Circuit Judges.


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OPINION
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ROGERS, Circuit Judge. Defendants are all former employees of a South Florida pill mill. Carroll Elliot was a security guard, Lucille Frial-Carrasco a physician and medical director, and Patricia Solomon a physician assistant at the clinic in question. They were all convicted in the district court below of conspiracy to distribute oxycodone and sentenced to terms in prison and forfeiture of proceeds. Frial-Carrasco argues that venue was improper in the Eastern District of Kentucky because the customers who were known to be taking large amounts of pills back home to Kentucky were merely purchasers and not coconspirators, and thus no conspirator committed an overt act in Kentucky. Venue in the Eastern District of Kentucky was proper, however, because the conspiracy’s intended effects were in Eastern Kentucky, and a conspirator can be tried at the place where a conspiracy targets its acts. The defendants in this combined appeal raise several additional arguments to challenge their convictions, but these arguments lack merit. However, the calculation of forfeiture amounts requires a remand in light of the Supreme Court’s intervening decision in Honeycutt v. United States, 137 S. Ct. 1626, 1635 (2017).



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DOMENICO TAGLIERI,
Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
MICHELLE MONASKY,
Defendant-Appellant.
   No. 16-4128
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Northern District of Ohio at Cleveland.
No. 1:15-cv-00947—Solomon Oliver, Jr., District Judge.
Argued: May 3, 2017
Decided and Filed: November 30, 2017
Before: BOGGS, MOORE, and McKEAGUE, Circuit Judges.


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OPINION
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BOGGS, Circuit Judge. Our decision in this case is controlled by the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction (“Convention” or “Hague Convention”), which dictates that a wrongfully removed child must be returned to the country of habitual residence. Our precedent has demonstrated that where a child lives exclusively in one country, that country is presumed to be the child’s habitual residence. In fact, we have gone so far as to call such cases “simple.” Because we hold that in this case the country of habitual residence is Italy and that there is no grave risk of harm to the child under the meaning of the Convention, we must affirm the district court’s judgment ordering the return of A.M.T. to Italy under the Hague Convention.



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ROSE ANWAR,
Plaintiff-Appellant,
v.
DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY; MEGLOBAL INTERNATIONAL FZE; RAMESH RAMACHANDRAN,
Defendants-Appellees.
   No. 16-2475
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Eastern District of Michigan at Bay City.
No. 1:15-cv-12708—Thomas L. Ludington, District Judge.
Argued: October 5, 2017
Decided and Filed: November 30, 2017
Before: SUTTON, DONALD, and THAPAR, Circuit Judges.


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OPINION
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BERNICE BOUIE DONALD, Circuit Judge. Rose Anwar appeals the district court’s dismissal of her claims and argues that the district court erred in granting a motion to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction and a motion for summary judgment to Defendants-Appellees MEG International and The Dow Chemical Company (“Dow”) respectively. Anwar also argues that the district court erred in denying her request for additional discovery. We find that these arguments fail and AFFIRM the district court’s decision.



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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff-Appellee,
v.
NATHANIEL PEMBROOK (16-1650); SHAEED CALHOUN
(16-1706); DAVID BRILEY (16-1707); ORLANDO JOHNSON (16-1708),
Defendants-Appellants.
   Nos. 16-1650/1706/1707/1708
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Eastern District of Michigan at Detroit.
No. 2:14-cr-20525-1—Laurie J. Michelson, District Judge.
Argued: July 27, 2017
Decided and Filed: November 15, 2017
Before: BATCHELDER, GIBBONS, and COOK, Circuit Judges.


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OPINION
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ALICE M. BATCHELDER, Circuit Judge. A federal jury convicted four co-defendants of robbery, conspiracy, and firearms charges stemming from two jewelry store robberies in Michigan on April 22, 2014, and the district court imposed lengthy prison sentences. The defendant/appellants—Nathaniel Pembrook, Shaeed Calhoun, David Briley, and Orlando Johnson—are African-American males, between the ages of 36 and 47, from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The first robbery was at 12:30 p.m. at Medawar Fine Jewelry in Plainfield Township, Michigan, a suburb of Grand Rapids. The second was at 5:15 p.m. at Tapper’s Diamonds & Fine Jewelry in West Bloomfield Township, a suburb of Detroit. Both robberies involved guns and force. The government prosecuted the defendants to conviction on five counts: Hobbs Act robbery, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1951(a); use of a firearm in furtherance of the robbery, § 924(c)(1)(A); conspiracy to commit robbery, § 1951(a); use of a firearm in furtherance of the conspiracy, §§ 924(c)(1)(A) & (C)(i); and being a felon in possession of a firearm, §§ 922(g)(1) and 924(a)(1)(D)(2). We AFFIRM the convictions and sentences.